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5 Different Types of Composting - A Trusted Guide - Frankton's

5 Different Types of Composting - A Trusted Guide


Composting is a sustainable and eco-friendly way to recycle organic waste and create nutrient-rich soil for your garden. There are various methods of composting, each with its unique advantages and techniques.

This article will explore five different types of composting: cold composting, hot composting, leaf mold composting, bokashi composting, and composting with a wormery. We will also highlight how HOTBIN can make composting more efficient and convenient. As we delve into each method, we will provide links to relevant products on Frankton's website to help you start your composting journey.

1. Cold Composting: Nature's Time-Tested Method
2. Hot Composting: Quick and Efficient Nutrient Production
3. Leaf Mold Composting: Enhancing Soil Quality
4. Bokashi Composting: A Smell-Free Solution
5. Composting with a Wormery: Nature's Cleanup Crew

1.    Cold Composting: Nature's Time-Tested Method

How to Start Cold Composting

Starting cold composting is as easy as finding a suitable location in your garden, backyard, or balcony. You only need a designated area for your compost pile or a bin. You can use various organic materials, including kitchen scraps, garden waste, and leaves.

Cold composting is essentially nature's way of recycling. You gather organic materials, pile them up, and let them decompose slowly over time. The microorganisms responsible for decomposition, such as bacteria, fungi, and other creatures, work at their own pace.

The Role of Microorganisms

In cold composting, microorganisms are the unsung heroes. They play a significant role in the decomposition process. Bacteria, fungi, and other tiny creatures gradually break down the organic matter, turning it into rich compost. These microorganisms need a balance of green and brown materials to thrive.

Cold Compost Bin from Frankton’s

To optimize your cold composting experience, consider using Frankton's range of Cold Compost Bins. The easy to assemble wooden-slat composter is perfect for allowing air around all sides of the compost, improving decomposition. The large Eco-King Compost Bin can hold up to 400 litres of compost, and of course, will take much more by volume of fresh material, which will gradually reduce in size. View all compost bin products at https://www.franktons.com/collections/compost-bins.

Patience Pays Off

One of the key benefits of cold composting is its simplicity. However, patience's essential, as the decomposition process is slower than other methods. Depending on your perspective, this slow pace can be seen as both an advantage and a drawback. It's an excellent option for gardeners who prefer a more hands-off approach to composting.

While cold composting might take several months to a year to produce finished compost, it's a low-effort way to reduce kitchen and garden waste.

2.    Hot Composting: Quick and Efficient Nutrient Production 

Achieving Hot Composting Success

The key to successful hot composting is maintaining the right balance of green (nitrogen-rich) and brown (carbon-rich) materials. Green materials include kitchen scraps, fresh garden waste, and manure. In contrast, brown materials consist of dried leaves, straw, and newspaper.

Hot composting accelerates decomposition by creating the ideal conditions for microorganisms to thrive. The heat generated within the compost pile or bin plays a crucial role in speeding up decomposition.

The Role of Temperature

Hot composting relies on higher temperatures to accelerate the decomposition process. The intense microbial activity within the compost pile generates the heat. High temperatures break down organic matter faster and help kill off weed seeds and pathogens.

HOTBIN - The Hot Composting Champion

The HOTBIN Composter (https://www.franktons.com/collections/hotbin-composting) from Frankton’s is a game-changer for hot composting. Its innovative design ensures that the compost bin reaches and maintains the optimal temperature for decomposition. With HOTBIN, you can produce high-quality compost quickly and efficiently.

Benefits and Considerations

The benefits of hot composting are numerous. It produces compost faster and kills weed seeds and pathogens due to the high temperatures reached in the process. Moreover, hot composting minimises unpleasant odours, making it suitable for urban and suburban settings. However, monitoring the compost pile's temperature and aeration is essential to ensure proper decomposition.

While hot composting is efficient and produces high-quality compost, it requires more effort and attention than cold composting. Achieving the right balance of green and brown materials and ensuring proper aeration can be challenging for beginners. However, the speed and quality of the resulting compost can outweigh these challenges for those looking for a quick turnaround.

Why choose Frankton’s for your HOTBIN?

You can count on Frankton's to get you started with HOTBIN and to provide support for the lifetime of the product. We supply all HOTBIN spare parts and are on hand any time you need help.

If you're interested in buying a HOTBIN and have questions, we're here to answer by email or live chat. If you'd prefer to call, we'd love to talk through any questions you have. When you choose Frankton's for your HOTBIN, you're buying with confidence.

3. Leaf Mold Composting: Enhancing Soil Quality

Making the Most of Fallen Leaves

Leaf mold is a fantastic addition to any garden. It's a finely textured, crumbly material that works wonders for improving soil quality. Unlike traditional compost, leaf mold doesn't provide a significant source of nutrients but excels in enhancing soil structure and water-holding capacity.

Utilising Leaf Mold Compost Bins

Leaf Mold Composting is similar to Cold Composting. To speed up the process of Leaf Mold decomposition, consider running a lawnmower over the collected leaves before putting them into the compost bin. If you use the mower’s collection bag, the process will be quicker and tidier. Which compost bin should be used for leaf mold? The easy to assemble wooden-slat composter is perfect for allowing air around all sides of the compost, improving decomposition. The large Eco-King Compost Bin can hold up to 400 litres of compost. View all compost bin products at https://www.franktons.com/collections/compost-bins.

A Lesson in Patience

Leaf mold composting requires little effort but takes longer than hot composting. It can take 6 months to 2 years for leaves to fully decompose into rich leaf mold. The key is to keep the pile moist and well-aerated to facilitate decomposition.

Sustainable Use of Resources

One of the advantages of leaf mold composting is that it provides a valuable way to recycle and repurpose a resource abundant in many gardens. Fallen leaves are often seen as a seasonal nuisance, but with leaf mold composting, they become a valuable addition to your gardening efforts.

4.    Bokashi Composting: A Smell-Free Solution 

The Art of Bokashi Composting

Bokashi composting originated in Japan and has gained popularity for its efficiency and convenience. The term "Bokashi" means "fermented organic matter," and that's precisely what this method achieves. It involves using a specialized Bokashi bin or bucket and a bran-based inoculant that contains effective microorganisms.

Frankton's Bokashi Composting Products

Frankton offers a range of Bokashi composting products that can make the process easier and more effective. Find out the product here: https://www.franktons.com/collections/wormeries-bokashi-composters.

Versatile and Rapid Composting

One of the key advantages of Bokashi composting is its ability to break down a wide range of organic materials, including meat, dairy, and even small bones. The anaerobic nature of the process means it doesn't produce foul odours, making it suitable for indoor use.

The Bokashi Loop

After the Bokashi bucket is filled with scraps, the fermented material can be buried in the garden or added to a traditional compost pile to complete the decomposition process.

A Convenient Indoor Solution

Bokashi composting is especially appealing for those with limited outdoor space or restrictions on traditional composting methods. It's a perfect solution for urban dwellers or anyone who wants to sustainably manage kitchen waste.

5. Composting with a Wormery: Nature's Cleanup Crew

The Magic of Worms

Composting with a wormery, or vermicomposting, is a highly efficient and environmentally friendly method of converting kitchen scraps into nutrient-rich worm castings. Worms, typically red wigglers or Eisenia fetida, are the stars of this composting show. They voraciously consume organic material and convert it into high-quality vermicast, a potent natural fertilizer and soil conditioner.

The Essentials of Worm Composting

To get started with worm composting, consider Frankton's Wormery Starter Kit. This kit provides everything you need to begin your vermicomposting journey. Find this product here: https://www.franktons.com/collections/wormeries-bokashi-composters.

Rich Worm Castings for Your Garden

Vermicomposting has numerous advantages. It's perfect for small spaces, including apartments and balconies, and it's an excellent option for gardeners who want to recycle kitchen scraps and create a valuable soil amendment. Worm castings are rich in nutrients and microorganisms, making them an ideal addition to garden soil and container gardens.

Wormery Maintenance

However, it's essential to maintain the right conditions for your wormery. This includes maintaining proper moisture levels, avoiding overfeeding, and providing a comfortable temperature range for the worms. While vermicomposting can be highly productive, it's not the best option for handling large volumes of garden waste.


  1. Royal Horticultural Society. Royal Horticultural Society (RHS). Available at: https://www.rhs.org.uk/ (Accessed: 16 October 2023).
  2. Charles Dowding. Charles Dowding's No Dig Gardening. Available at: https://www.charlesdowding.co.uk/ (Accessed: 16 October 2023).

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